If you are in the United States and fear persecution by a government, or a group the government cannot control, based on your religion, political opinions, race, nationality, or membership in a social group, you may have an asylum claim. A person who is not in the United States may apply for refugee status using the same criteria.
The application process involves a complex area of law and you may wish to seek out the services of an attorney who handles asylum cases. After arrival to the United States, a person generally has one year to apply for asylum.
asylum attorney will be able to assess your particular case and explain the entire asylum process to you. He or she will help guide you through such a complicated type of case.
In legal practice, experience matters. An experienced attorney will likely have handled issues similar to yours many, many times. Therefore, after listening to your situation, the attorney should have a reasonable idea of the time line for a case like yours and the likely resolution.
An attorney consultation should provide you with enough information so that you can make an informed decision on whether to proceed with legal help.
Pro se - This Latin term refers to representing yourself in court instead of hiring professional legal counsel. Pro se representation can occur in either criminal or civil cases.
Statute - Refers to a law created by a legislative body. For example, the laws enacted by Congress are statutes.
Subject matter jurisdiction - Requirement that a particular court have authority to hear the claim based on the specific type of issue brought to the court. For example, the U.S. Bankruptcy Court only has subject matter jurisdiction over bankruptcy filings, therefore it does not have the authority to render binding judgment over other types of cases, such as divorce.
Lead Counsel's objective process independently verifies attorney records, conferring with state bars across the country and conducting annual reviews to confirm that the attorney practices in the legal categories as indicated, possesses a valid bar license, and is eligible to practice in the specific jurisdiction.